What is Kubernetes?
Kubernetes is an open-source container management software developed in the Google platform. It helps you to manage a containerized application in various types of physical, virtual, and cloud environments.
It is a highly flexible container tool to deliver even complex applications. Applications run on clusters of hundreds to thousands of individual servers. It also allows you to manage your containerized application more efficiently.
What is Docker?
Docker is an open-source lightweight containerization technology. It has gained widespread popularity in the cloud and application packaging world. It allows you to automate the deployment of applications in lightweight and portable containers.
It is computer software used for Virtualization. It also allows you to run multiple Operating systems on the same host. Virtualization in Docker is performed on the system-level in what is popularly called Docker containers.
- Kubernetes is developed by Google whereas Docker Swarm is developed by Docker Inc.
- Kubernetes provides Auto-scaling whereas Docker Swarm doesn’t support autoscaling.
- Kubernetes supports up to 5000 nodes whereas Docker Swarm supports more than 2000 nodes.
- Kubernetes is less extensive and customizable whereas Docker Swarm is more comprehensive and highly customizable.
- Kubernetes provides low fault tolerance while Docker provides high fault tolerance.
Features of Kubernetes
Here are the essential features of Kubernetes:
- Offers automated scheduling
- Self-Healing capabilities
- Automated rollouts & rollback
- Horizontal Scaling & Load Balancing
- Provides a higher density of resource utilization
- Offers enterprise-ready features
- Application-centric management
- Auto-scalable infrastructure
- You can create predictable infrastructure
- Provides declarative configuration
- Deploy and update software at scale
- Offers environment consistency for development, testing, and production
Features of Docker
Here are the essential features of Docker:
- Isolated environments for managing your applications
- Easy Modeling
- Version control
- Application Agility
- Developer Productivity
- Operational Efficiencies
Advantages of Kubernetes
Here, are pros/ benefits of using Kubernetes.
- Easy organization of service with pods
- It is developed by Google, who bring years of valuable industry experience to the table
- Largest community among container orchestration tools.
- Offers a variety of storage options, including on-premises SANs and public clouds.
- Adheres to the principals of immutable infrastructure
Advantages of Docker
Here, are significant cons/ benefits of using Docker container:
- Offers an efficient and easier initial set up
- Integrates and works with existing Docker tools
- Allows you to describe your application lifecycle in detail
- Docker allows the user to track their container versions with ease to examine discrepancies between prior versions.
- Simples configuration, interact with Docker Compose.
- Docker offers a quick-paced environment that boots up a virtual machine and lets an app run in a virtual environment quickly.
- Documentation provides every bit of information.
- Provides simple and fast configuration to boost your business
- Ensures that application is isolated
Disadvantages of Kubernetes
Here, are cons/ drawbacks of using Kubernetes container:
- Migrating to stateless requires many efforts
- Limited functionality according to the availability in the Docker API.
- Highly complex Installation/configuration process
- Not compatible existing Docker CLI and Compose tools
- Complicated manual cluster deployment and automatic horizontal scaling set up
Disadvantages of Docker
Here, are important cons/drawbacks of Docker container:
- Doesn’t provide a storage option
- Has poor monitoring option.
- No automatic rescheduling of inactive Nodes
- Complicated automatic horizontal scaling set up
- All the actions have to be performed in CLI.
- Basic infrastructure handling
- Manual handling multiple instances
- Need support for other tools for production aspects – monitoring, healing, scaling
- Complicated manual cluster deployment
- No support of health-checks
- Docker is for-profit SaaS company. Many critical compoenents like Docker Engine, Docker Desktop are not ope-source.
Happy learning 🙂